the fascinating gemstone embellished with countless myths.
The sparkle and brilliance of diamonds are unrivalled by any other gemstoncs. They have been the subject of many myths and legends and quite a few of them have romantic names. "Koh-i-Noor" is a 108.93 carat diamond and its history is said to go back 4000 years. In the 16th Century, it belonged to the Mughal Emperor, 200 years later, when the Persians invaded the Mughal Empire - which by then had lost its former strength and glory the diamond was included among the war trophics of Nadir Shah of Persia. It is said that the diamond gained its present name when Nadir Shah, who was amazed by its size, exclaimed "Koh-i-noor! (Mountainof light!)" . In the 19th Century. "Koh-i-Noor" was given to Queen Victoria of England and since then, it has been handed down the British monarchy. It remains in the Tower of London as part of the British Crown Jewels.
"Cullinan (the Great Star of Africa)" was a massive gem-quality diamond stone weighing 3100 carats (621g). It was cut into nine picces and the largest weighing 530.2 carats was named "Cullinan I" and it was mounted in the head of the Royal Sceptre of the British monarch, It now rests in the Tower of London along with the “Koh-i-Noor".
Another famous diamond is "The Moon of Baroda". The pcar-shaped 24.04 carat diamond has a yellowish tint that resembles the color of the full moon that rises above Baroda, India. It used to belong to the maharajas of India. Legend has it that the wearer of “The Moon of Baroda", will achieve fame. The diamond that adorned Marilyn Monroe in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" was none other than this "Moon of Baroda". It is believed that diamonds can see into their owners' hearts. A diamond that is owned by a person of integrity will bring fortune to its owner while the opposite can also be true.
We suggest those of you who were given a diamond to brighten your hearts as well as your diamonds!
For Those who wish to Set Their Compelling Emotions Ablaze
Rubies and sapphires are sister stones - they both come from the corundum family. Those which contain more chromium and the red color are called rubies. Because of the color that reminds one of burning coal, from ancient times, it has been said that "Mars, the God of War dwells in rubies".
In 1337, the Hundred Years' War erupted between England and France. The son of Edward III of England, Prince Edward (also known as the Black Prince from wearing a black armour) put a ruby that was given to him as a gift by the Spanish king on his crown and won battle after battle. After his death, the gem is said to have also saved Henry V s life during battle. The Black Prince's ruby, which is as large as a chicken egg, can now be seen in the Jewel House in the Tower of London.
However, this world famous “Black Prince's Ruby" is actually not a ruby at all. In the 18th Century, it was found to be a stone called spinel, which is so similar to a ruby that they are almost like twins. All the same, the "Black Prince's Ruby" is a gcin with noble brilliance. The main difference between a ruby and a spinel is that the former is fluorescent. That is to say, rubies emit light even when they are placed in darkness.
Rubies have bidden powers of passionand "dignity". It was believed that in order to bring out these powers, rubies must be worn on the right side of the body. That is why many medieval portraits of Europe show men wearing rubies on the right side of their body.
If you wish to set your flame of love ablaze, We recommend you wear a ruby ring on your right hand. Your flame of passion is sure to burn even more if you wear it on a Tuesday, when the power of Mars the God of Wars, becomes stronger!
Even Flaws Add to Their Charm
It is said that "a flawless emerald is harder to find than a man without any shortcomings". Emerald's flaws are inclusions gas and water tapped in the crystal structure when they were formed which are proof that they are natural stones. However, these inclusions make emeralds susceptible to cracks when forces are applied in a certain direction.
Today, Colombia is the largest producer of emerald. It is where the Inca Empire had flourished before it was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th Century. The Inca Empire, known for its gold, was also a producer of emeralds. Legends say that the temples fler was paved with emeralds.
Following Spanish conquest, a lot of the emeralds were losted and sent to Spain. However, the Spanish were unable to find the large "Umina Emerald" worshipped by the Inca people. It is said that "The Umina Emerald" was as large as an estrich egg.
The Spanish believed that a genuine emerald is as strong as a diamond and should be able to withstand the blow of a hammer. Thus, is it said that many precious emeralds were smashed and lost when the Spanish used the hammer to test them. The Umina Emerald may have shared the same fate, or it may still be resting in peace somewhere deep inside the jungles.
Although emeralds are potentially fragile, flawless emeralds do exist if rarely. One such emerald is called the "Hooker Emerald". The stone, which Once belonged to a Turkish Sultan was bought and turned into a brooch by Tiffany's and is now possessed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History of the United States.
Emeralds are said to be a proof of chastity. There is a jinx that the owner' s infidelity will cause them to break. You might want to make a note of this if you happen to own this precious gemstone.
For Those who are Worried about Change of Heart
Sapphires, together with rubies, belong to the family of the corundum mineral. They come in Various colors but sapphires of cornflower blue are most highly valued.
It is believed that sapphires ensure happiness to those who wear them. Sapphires worn by Christian priests were said to have removed the despairs and sufferings of those who touched them.
Sapphires are also deemed as "stones that prevent infidelity". In the carly 19th Century, Frances Napoleon gave his wife Josephine a famous sapphire. It is told that Napoleon did so out of sheer desire to stop Josephine from having an affair. His wish was fulfilled then after so one can not take the legend too lightly. However, Napoleon started to take on mistresses and eventually divorced Josephine.)
In 18th Century France, it was popular to use sapphires to test their lover's loyalty. Duke of Orleans (Philippe II), the Regent of King Louis XV. owned a "Mysterious Sapphire". It was one of the color change sapphires and this one was deep blue under in the light of day but in moonlight, it turned to purple like the color of an amethyst.
Duke of Orleans believed this myth and made his lovers wear this sapphire to test them if they were faithful. However, it is said that the Duke gave up the sapphire when his lovers started reproaching him for his loss of lust. Rather pitiful, is it not?
If you want your partner to remain faithful to you, a sapphire gift may well help retain that bond.
A stone with many myths of mystical powers.
There are two theories as to how topaz obtained its name. Some believe that it originated in the ancient Sanskrit word "tapas" meaning "fire", while others believe it came from the name of an island in the Red Sea, called the Topazios Island. The sailors had to "seek" this island, which was often shrouded by dense fog. Hence, it is said that "topaz" changed its meaning from being sailors’ pursuit for the gem into meaning seeking happiness.
No other gem has such an abundance of lore relating to its curative powers as topaz throughout history and across cultures. The ancient Egyptians believed that the golden color of topaz was due to the glow of the Sun God Ra. Ancient Romans associated the gem to the God of Jupiter and, believed that it not only wards off nightmares and enchantments but also bestows wisdom.
It was once believed that topaz can make its wearer invisible in cases of emergency or that when it comes into contact with poisoned food or drink, it would change its color. All of these mystical powers were believed to Wax and wane with the phases of the moon.
It seems that ancient Romans and Greeks prized topaz in particular as the gem that reminded them of the sun and gold. The Greek philosopher Aristotle is said to have worn so many topaz rings that he could hardly fit them all onto his ten fingers. In those days, one of the requirements of being a gentleman was to wear lots of rings. It seems that many men of wisdom chose topaz because it was believed to "be a gem that bestows wisdom and courage to the wearer".
A typical topaz is yellow but it also comes in variety of colors such as amber, orange, sherry red and very rarely, blue. The most famous topaz in history is the one called "Braganza" and it is set in the Portuguese Crown. The 1640-carat pem, however, was thought to be a diamond for a long time because of its near-perfect transparency.
The topaz that is considered to be the most beautiful one in the world is stored at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, However, it is little known that this 1463-carat topaz was actually mined in Gifu Prefecture in Japan.